Date: 29th September 2019
Navratri begins - Pratipada (1st day) of Ashwin (seventh lunar month) Shukla Paksha
Navratri ends - Navami (9th day) of Ashwin Shukla Paksha
Ghatasthapana Muhurat - 06:01 AM to 07:16 AM
Ghatasthapana Abhijit Muhurat - 11:35 AM to 12:23 PM
Pratipada Tithi Begins - 11:56 PM on Sep 28, 2019
Pratipada Tithi Ends - 08:14 PM on Sep 29, 2019
Kanya Lagna Begins - 06:01 AM on Sep 29, 2019
Kanya Lagna Ends - 07:16 AM on Sep 29, 2019
Shardiya Navratri is the most popular and significant of all the four Navratris (Sharad Navratri, Chaitra Navratri, Magha Navratri and Ashadha Navratri) that are celebrated. It is also called Maha Navratri. The name has been derived from Sharad Ritu and it falls in the lunar month of Ashwin during Sharad Ritu.
The nine days of the festival are dedicated to the nine forms for Goddess Durga. The nine days of Navratri ends on the tenth day with people celebrating Dussehra or Vijayadashmi.
Navratri Origin and Significance
It is believed during Shardiya Navratri, Goddess Durga killed Mahishasura, the mighty demon. Though different texts mention the various other forms of Goddess Durga that kill the demon, however, most of the texts agree that the demon Mahishasura was killed by one of the forms of the Goddess. Therefore, Navratri is celebrated as the victory of Goddess Durga over evil.
It is also believed that Lord Rama during Sharidya Navratri worshipped Goddess Durga to get her blessings before waging a war against the demon king Ravana.
There are a number of rituals followed during the festival of Navratri. Rituals vary from state to state and region to region. Mentioned below are the most commonly followed rituals practiced and observed during the festival of Navratri.
Navratri Regional Variance
In West Bengal and Assam, Navratri is celebrated as Durga Puja. As per religious texts, Katyayani Kalpa and Bhadrakali Kalpa are the two most important sects for Durga Worship.
Navratri in West Bengal is observed as Durga Puja as per the Katyayani Kalpa. As per the text, Ghatasthapana is performed on Pratipada and Durga Visarjan is done on Dashami Tithi.
In Gujarat and North India, Navratri is observed as per Bhadrakali Kalpa. Each day of Navratri is dedicated to one of the nine forms of Goddess Durga and all the nine incarnations are worshipped.
In South India, Navratri is synonym to Bommala Koluvu where people collect different dolls and put it on display. The 9 days of Navratri are divided into equal number of days, wherein, the first 3 days Goddess Durga is worshipped as Goddess Kali, the next three days the Goddess is worshipped as Goddess Lakshmi and the last 3 days the Goddess is worshipped as Goddess Saraswati.
In Karnataka, the ninth day of Navratri is observed as Ayudha Puja. Devotees worship all kinds of weapons, however these days people worship their vehicles during Ayudha Puja.
Goddess Durga is the main deity worshipped during Navratri. Apart from Goddess Durga her nine forms or incarnations are also worshipped during the festival. The nine forms of Goddess Durga are also known as Navdurga and originate from Goddess Parvati. It is believed Navdurga are the life phases of Goddess Parvati who is the Supreme power over all Goddesses.
The list of the nine Navratri Goddess which are mostly followed from Pratipada to Navami are as follows:
1. Shailaputri – Goddess Shailaputri is worshipped on the first day of Navratri. In Sanskrit, Shail means mountain. After Goddess Sati self-immolated herself, Goddess Parvati took birth as the daughter of Himalaya. Goddess Parvati came to be known as Shailaputri, the daughter of the mountains. She rides on a bull and the Goddess is depicted with two hands. Goddess Shailaputri is seen holding a Trishul in the right hand and a Lotus flower in the left hand.
2. Brahmacharini – Goddess Brahmacharini is worshipped on the second day of Navratri. After the Kushmanda form, Goddess Parvati took birth at the house of Daksha Prajapati. The Goddess in this form was a great Sati and the unmarried form is worshipped as Brahmacharini. She is depicted with two hands and walking bare feet. In the right hand she carries a Japa Mala and in the left is a Kamandal.
3. Chandraghanta – Goddess Chandraghanta is the married form of Goddess Parvati and is worshipped on the third day of Navratri. After she got married to Lord Shiva, the Goddess started to wear a half moon (Chandra) on her forehead. Since then Goddess Parvati was known as Chandraghanta. The Goddess mounts a Tigress. She is depicted with ten hands. In four of her left hands she carries Gada, Trishul, Sword and Kamandal and keeps the fifth left hand in Varada Mudra. She carries an Arrow, Dhanush, Lotus flower and a Japa Mala in four of her right hands and the fifth right hand is in Abhaya Mudra.
4. Kushmanda – Goddess Kushmanda is worshipped on the fourth day of Navratri. After taking the form of Siddhidatri, the Goddess started living in the center of the Sun. Since then Goddess Parvati was known as Kushmanda, the Goddess who has the capability and power to live inside the Sun. She rides a lioness and is depicted with eight hands. She carries a Dhanush, Kamandal, Kamal, and Bada in her right hands and in the left hand she carries a Japa Mala, Amrit Kalash, Gada and Chakra.
5. Skandamata – Goddess Skandamata is worshipped on the fifth day of Navratri. Goddess Parvati came to be known as Skandamata after she became the mother of Lord Kartikeya who is also known as Lord Skanda. Goddess Skandamata mounts a ferocious lion and is seen carrying Lord Skanda in her lap. She has four hands and carries lotus flowers in her upper hands; She is seen holding baby Murugan in one of her right hands and keeps the other right hand in Abhaya Mudra.
6. Katyayani – Goddess Katyayani is worshipped on the sixth day of Navratri. Goddess Katyayani is known to be the most violent form of Goddess Parvati. She took the form of Katyayani to kill the demon Mahishasura. Goddess Katyayani is seen riding a lion and has four hands. In her left hands, she carries a lotus flower and a sword and keeps her right hands in Abhaya and Varada Mudras.
7. Kalaratri – Goddess Kalaratri is worshipped on the seventh day of Navratri. Kalaratri form of Goddess Parvati is considered the most ferocious and fiercest. Goddess Parvati, to kill the demons Shumbha and Nishumbha, removed her golden skin and was thence known as Kalaratri. Goddess Kalaratri has a dark complexion and rides a donkey. She is depicted with four hands. Her left hands carry a sword and an iron hook and her right hands are in Abhaya and Varada Mudras.
8. Mahagauri – Goddess Mahagauri is worshipped on the eighth day of Navratri. It is believed when Goddess Shailaputri was a young girl; she was blessed with a fair complexion and was extremely beautiful. Due to her fair complexion, she was known as Mahagauri. Goddess Mahagauri has a bull as her mount and is depicted with four hands. In one right hand she is seen carrying a Trishul and the second right hand is kept in Abhaya Mudra. In the one left hand she holds a Damaru and the second left hand is kept in Varada Mudra.
9. Siddhidatri – Goddess Siddhidatri is worshipped on the ninth day of Navratri. It is believed that Lord Rudra worshipped Adi-Parashakti for creation and she had no form. She appeared in the form of Siddhidatri from the left half of Lord Shiva. She rides a lion and sits on a lotus. She is depicted with four hands, a gada in one right hand, a Chakra in the other right hand, a lotus flower in one left hand and a Shankh in the other left hand.
Days and Colors of Navratri 2019
The colors of Navratri are assigned as per the Navgraha or the planets that rule each day of the week. The first color of the festival is decided based on the day when Navratri begins and the remaining 8 days follow a fixed color pattern.
Women, especially in Gujarat and Maharashtra, wear similar color clothes as per the Navratri color of the day.
29th September 2019 – Pratipada -- Ghatasthapana, Chandra Darshana Shailputri Puja -- Navratri color of the day – Orange
30th September 2019 – Dwitiya -- Brahmacharini Puja -- Navratri color of the day – White
1st October 2019 – Tritiya -- Sindoor Tritiya, Chandraghanta Puja -- Navratri color of the day – Red
2nd October 2019 – Chaturthi -- Kushmanda Puja, Vinayaka Chaturthi Upang Lalita Vrat -- Navratri color of the day – Royal Blue
3rd October 2019 – Panchami -- Skandamata Puja -- Navratri color of the day – Yellow
4th October 2019 – Shashthi -- Saraswati Avahan, Katyayani Puja -- Navratri color of the day – Green
5th October 2019 – Saptami -- Saraswati Puja, Kalaratri Puja -- Navratri color of the day – Grey
6th October 2019 – Ashtami -- Durga Ashtami, Mahagauri Puja Sandhi Puja, Maha Navami –
Sandhi Puja begins at 10:30 AM
Sandhi Puja ends at 11:18 AM
Navratri color of the day – Purple
7th October 2019 – Navami -- Ayudha Puja, Navami Homa Navratri Parana -- Navratri color of the day – Peacock Green
8th October 2019 – Dashami -- Durga Visarjan, Vijayadashami -- Navratri color of the day – Pink
Shardiya Navratri Ghatasthapana
Navratri begins with Ghatasthapana on the first day of Ashwin Lunar month. A Kalash is installed during Ghatasthapana and on the tenth day immersed in a water body.
One of the most significant rituals during Navratri is Ghatasthapana which marks the beginning of the nine day festival. The ritual of Ghatasthapana is the invocation of Goddess Shakti. The most auspicious time of performing the ritual is when Pratipada is prevalent. Ghatasthapana should not be performed during night and during Amavasya.
Ghatasthapana is also known as Kalash Sthapana.
Ghatasthapana Puja Vidhi during Navratri
Mentioned below are the Samagri used for Ghatasthapana:
To prepare the Kalash
Before invoking the Gods and Goddess, the Kalash is prepared.
Step 1: Take the clay pot and spread the first layer of soil and spread the seeds. Add the second layer of soil and spread the seeds on the periphery of the pot. Spread the third layer with soil and seeds. Add a little water if required.
Step 2: Tie the Mouli or Sacred thread around the neck of the prepared Kalash and fill the pot with Gangajal. Drop the scent, Supari, Akshat, Durva Grass and coins in the pot. Take the 5 leaves of Ashoka or Mango tree and place it at the edge of the Kalash and cover the pot.
Step 3: Cover the coconut with the red cloth and tie it with the sacred thread. Keep the coconut on top of the Kalash. Put the Kalash on top of the clay pot with the grains.
The Kalash is ready to invoke Goddess Durga. Invoke Goddess Durga and request Her to accept and answer the prayers and invite her to stay in the Kalash for nine days.
Perform the Panchopachara Puja. Invoke all the deities and light a diya or lamp in front of the Kalash. Light dhoop sticks and offer to the Kalash, then offer flowers and scent. Finally offer fruits and sweets to the Kalash to conclude the Puja.
Recommended Online Puja
Dussehra also known as Vijayadashami is a festival which is celebrated on the tenth day of Ashwin (September / October). The celebration of Navratri ends with Dussehra on the tenth day, when the idol of Goddess Durga is immersed in water body. The day also marks the end of Durga Puja, where people revel and recount Goddess Durga’s victory over the demon Mahishasur, thus restoring the balance of Dharma. The day also marks the victory of Lord Ram when he slayed Ravana the king of Lanka. The word ‘Dussehra’ is derived from two Sanskrit words – Dasha and Hara – that means defeating the ten headed Ravana.
Navratri is one of the most significant festivals, celebrated twice a year, once in summer and once in the winter. Navratri is celebrated for nine nights. During this festival, people pray to Goddess Durga as she is believed to be the representation of positive cosmic energy – the Adi Shakti. Each of the nine days of Navratri is dedicated to the worship of different forms of the benevolent mother Devi Durga. As per Durga Saptashati, Devi Durga confers strength, courage, victory over adversaries and protection from malefic energies. She bestows Iccha Shakti (indomitable will power and intent), Kriya Shakti (the energy of creation) and the Jnana Shakti (the strength of intellect, wisdom and intuition) on ardent devotees thus giving them both Bhoga & Moksha.
As per Shastras, a mere recitation of Ramayana is considered to be auspicious. It is believed that the benefit of reciting Ramayana multiply its auspicious effects if it is recited continuously from beginning to end without any breaks. It is beneficial for peace, prosperity & happiness in the family. Akhand Ramayana Paath is held before beginning of any new venture, birth of a child, marriage etc. It is usually recited to overcome miseries, ailments, unfair competition etc.
Chandi Puja / Yagna, is one of the most powerful rituals performed to seek the blessings of Goddess Durga. One can benefit from good health and happy family life by performing this Puja. It pacifies the ill-effects of planetary placements a horoscope. It wards off negative energy and rids one of evil influences of black magic and evil curses. It is a powerful tool to overcome unfounded fears, especially the fear of death.
The 9 Mukhi Rudraksha is blessed by Goddess Durga in all her nine magnificent forms. These nine forms are known as Nav Durga. This divine bead is worn for the grace of the Devi as a protective armour is formed, shielding the wearer from all evil forces.
It makes the wearer powerful and self-confident. The wearer of the Nine Mukhi Rudraksha becomes fearless and stress free. Sins committed by a person get condoned by the grace of the divine Shaktis. It is preferred by working women and housewives as it enhances self-confidence and self-esteem and keeps their energy levels up to balance their personal and professional lives. The Nine Mukhi Rudraksha guides along every day, pacifies ills during the trying times of life and shields from evil forces. This Rudraksha can be worn on the wrist of the left hand. It is also used with the 10 and 11 Mukhi in the protection combination.
The 10 Mukhi Rudraksha is blessed by Lord Vishnu. The Hindu Trinity consists of Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh. The Ten Mukhi represents the Dasa Avatars of Lord Vishnu. The effects of black magic and evil eye are nullified. This divine Rudraksha eliminates suffering caused by the malefic effects of all 9 planets mentioned in Vedic astrology. The other energies that bless this Rudraksha are Lord Karthikeya and Dus Mahavidya (the ten powerful Goddess of ultimate Knowledge). The Ten Mukhi Rudraksha is the bead to correct such distress caused by directional faults. A 10 Mukhi Rudraksha with Sphatik (clear quartz) beads is strung and hung in the premises to nullify such Doshas.
The 16 Mukhi Rudraksha is blessed by Lord Rama. A blessing of Lord Rama endows goods family relationships, respect, fame and success. The Sixteen Mukhi Rudraksha is called as the “Jai Rudraksha”. The powers protect the wearer against any theft or cheating while ensuring victory against adversaries. This Rudraksha is also blessed by Mahakaal; the blessing of this deity removes the fear of death. It is helpful for people whose birth sign contain unfavorable planetary positions. It controls the malefic effects of the planet Rahu.
The Kali Netra Pendant is a 9 Mukhi Rudraksha believed to provide energy, dynamism and makes it wearer fearless. It is said to be good for career oriented women and is known to be good for the stomach, body pains and skin allergies. It is said to increase devotion towards God and is believed to be beneficial in removing Kaal-Sarpa Dosha. This pendant is made in 22 carat hallmark gold pendant.