Ancient Sages have ordained several ceremonies and austerities where Vedic Mantras are used for worship. One of such Mantras of high potency and power is called Shri Rudri of Taittiriya Samhita of Sri Krishna Yajurveda Samhita. It consists of 44 Chapters. In the middle of the 4th Canto of this Samhita Shri Rudri is the fifth chapter. The importance of Sri Rudri is that it occurs in the middle of the Taittiriya Samhita and in the central portion of Sri Rudri is to be found perhaps the greatest of the Mantras viz. Panchakshar Mantra. Sri Rudri is therefore the holiest of holy Mantras. It is also called Namaka Prasnam as the word Namah occurs several times. It is recited not only for one's own purification, sublimation of animal instincts and attainment of higher spiritual knowledge; ultimately leading to Shivatva, but also for bringing welfare to oneself and to the mankind as a whole.
Traditionally, the seventh chapter of the 4th Cantos of Taittiriya Samhita called the Chamaka Prasnam is also recited along with Sri Rudri in which there is a prayer for seeking material benefits ranging from material needs such as food, shelter, wealth, etc. Constant repetition of Rudra mantras in the prescribed manner is called Japa Yagna. This Japa Yagna is followed by Abhishek, Hawan and Archana to Lord Shiva by which the efficiency of Japa Yagna is enhanced.
Sri Rudri Japa is normally done after an elaborate Anganyasa which is called Mahanyasa. Sri Rudri is then chanted eleven times and at the end, one Anuvaka of Chamaka Prasnam is chanted. Thus when Sri Rudri is chanted 11 times, Chamakam is chanted once in full; i.e. the first eleven anuvakas of the seventh prasna of the 4th canto of Taittiriya Samhita. Simultaneously, Abhishek is also performed on a 'Shivling' chanting Sri Rudri eleven times and Chamaka once. The significance is that, the eleven forms of Lord Shiva viz: Mahadeva, Shiva, Rudra, Shankara, Neelalohita, Eashana, Vijaya, Bhima, Devadeva, Bhavodhbhava and Adtiyatmaka Rudra, are invoked in eleven Kalasha’s (kumbham) when eleven Pundits chant Sri Rudri Mantra eleven times each according to the above procedure followed by one anuvaka of Chamaka. Then Hawan is performed chanting Rudra and Chamaka Prasna in full and pouring pure cow's ghee into the fire in one unbroken stream chanting Chamaka Prasna called Vasordhara. Abhishekam is also performed with the water sanctified in the eleven Kumbham’s to the lord while the same is also sprinkled on all the devotees assembled to witness the Maharudra Yagna. Then Archana is performed with flowers and 'Bilwa' leaves with various Mantras. The Yagna is then concluded with Mangal Aarti and Mantra Pushpanjali.
The effects of chanting and listening to Rudri are highly praised in the Shastras. The Shiva Puran explains: “By chanting Rudri, one gains both worldly pleasures and liberation. Kaivalya Upanishad also declares: “Whoever reads Shatarudriya becomes pure as fire becomes pure as air”.
• To minimize the malefic effect of Nakshatras.
• For removal of negativities, purify the negative karmas and give protection in life and ushering peace, prosperity and good health.
• To minimize the malefic effects of an afflicted moon.
Who should perform Maharudrabhishek?
• To minimize the malefic effect of Nakshatras.
• People suffering from malefic effects of Moon.
• Those suffering from various ailments and diseases.
• Those desirous of finding suitable soul-mate.
• For peace and harmony in family.
• Best to be performed on individual birthdates, anniversaries and on festive occasions like Shiv Ratri, Makarsankranti, on Amavasya and Eclipses.
Sthapana (Ganesh, Shodash Matrika, Kalash and Navgrah), Sankalp, Lingokta Bhadra Pujan and Shiva Abhishek. One recitation of Rudri from 1st to the 7th Adhayay followed by the recitation of eleven Aavartans of Namakam Chamakam from the 5th Adhayay, which is followed by 8th Adhayay and followed by the Shantipaath makes one Rudri. Eleven such recitations make one Laghu Rudri. Eleven such Laghu Rudri recitations constitute a Maha Rudri to be followed by Homa and Aarti.
Duration: 11 Day.
Number of Vedic Pandit/s: 11
An energized Rudraksha Japmala, Parad Shivling, 11 silver bel patra, a consecrated Maha Mrityunjaya yantra and a recording of around 45 – 60 minutes covering the most important parts of the Puja and Prasad from the Puja. If the Yajman wants the Maharudrabhishek to be performed in absentia he/she can send their Hasta Pada Mritika (Hand and feet imprint on earth. After making an imprint on earth he/she should pick a little bit of earth and pack it in an envelope and send it across to mark their presence in the Puja). Furthermore the Yajman can energize his / her own personal Yantra, Idol or Rudraksha free of cost.